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IS Fundamentals

This subject is available under ICMS undergraduate degrees, please click the button below to find an undergraduate course for you.

Subject Code:


Subject Type:


Credit Points:

3 credit points



Subject Level:


Subject Rationale:

The technology landscape is rapidly evolving from fraud intelligence for financial institutions to remote robotic surgeries for doctors; all thanks to the many advancements in information systems (IS). As IS continues to be embedded in our daily lives, understanding the essential constituents of the IS ecosystem and its real-world applications is crucial for information technology practitioners to bridge business needs with the potential power of IS.   

 This subject presents students with a broad overview of the IS discipline, its integrant elements, applications, and underpinning people, process, and technology dimensions, equipping them with the foundational knowledge for further study in their course. Students will explore the uses of IS as an enabler in diverse business contexts and the capabilities it offers for organisations in collecting, processing, maintaining, using, sharing, and disseminating information.   

 Students will study different types of IS technologies in this subject with practical exposure to information sources and industry-recognised digital tools for managing information. They will also examine the contemporary issues inherent in the global IS domain and their implications from organisational and broader societal contexts.   

Learning Outcomes:

a) Describe the role of IS in diverse business contexts, including its fundamental constituents, their interrelationships, and real-world functions.

b) Apply digital technology skills using contemporary software applications in solving business problems.

c) Use data management and analysis tools to aid in organisational decision-making.

d) Discuss the organisational, societal, ethical, and regulatory aspects of IS practice, recognising individual and corporate responsibility.

e) Define common information security issues, concepts, principles, and systems in the IS ecosystem.

f) Identify the concepts and practices of adopting IS in organisations.

Student Assessment:

Broad Topics to be Covered:

Week 1: Organisational Landscape 

  • Organisational structures, operating models, and alignment with IT 
  • The People, Process, Technology (PPT) Framework  
Weeks 2 – 4: IS Infrastructure 

  • Hardware and software 
  • Telecommunications and networking 
  • Database systems, data analytics, and data management 
  • Cloud computing and IoT 
Weeks 5-7: Business Information Systems and Their Applications 

  • Enterprise systems 
  • e-Business, e-Commerce, m-commerce, and supply chain 
  • Social computing 
  • Business intelligence and decision support 
  • Artificial intelligence (AI) and automation 
Weeks 8-9: Global Citizenship in IS 

  • Individual social responsibility, ethics, and privacy 
  • Legal and regulatory aspects 
  • Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) 
  • Information security, cybercrime, and secure information systems 
Weeks 10-11: Adopting IS 

  • System Acquisition and Development 
  • Project Management 
  • Business Process Management 
  • Change Management 

Please note that these topics are often refined and subject to change so for up to date weekly topics and suggested reading resources, please refer to the Moodle subject page.